What is Egg Donation?
Egg donation consists of donating eggs anonymously and voluntarily to couples who cannot have children , either because the woman's ovaries no longer function sufficiently, or to avoid transmitting a serious disease to the other.
Each woman normally has thousands of eggs in her ovaries. Every month, about ten develop to lead to the ovulation of a single oocyte, which can be fertilized by a spermatozoon.
Requirements for Donors/Egg Providers:
The recommendations made by infertility institutions in Europe and America are based on donor requirements.
Age is a crucial consideration when choosing a donor. Ages 21 to 35 are suggested for egg donors for egg transplants. But because we strive for success, we only hire people between the ages of 21 and 30 who we believe will produce eggs of higher quality in our center.
Infectious diseases such hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, and syphilis were examined as part of standard tests, along with blood type and R.
Chromosomal analysis, thalassemia and sickle cell anemia, and cystic fibrosis in situations deemed appropriate, as well as a thorough review of the donor's personal health and family history, are required genetically necessary testing.
· She must have a strong reproductive system.
· She must first demonstrate her pregnancy.
She must have the same blood type and physical qualities as the recipient, it must be noted. The physical characteristics of potential patients are therefore requested. and took care to resemble the donor.
Decisive characteristics include complexion, eye color, and hair color. But the patient can tell us what qualities she wants.
The credentials of the donor and the recipient are kept a secret in our center. Due to legal requirements, recipient and donor credentials are never disclosed. On this problem, strict privacy policies are based.
At our center, there is no donor waiting list for egg donation treatments. In other words, when we begin treatment, the donor will begin treatment as well. Treatments will be carried out in parallel this way.
Gyno Life IVF Center in Cyprus has the best and largest donor infrastructure. It obtains the highest quality donor/egg through its expert team. It should not be overlooked that the quality of the donor's eggs will also boost your chances.
Which Tests Have to be Done Before the Egg Donation?
Hemogram (Blood Counting)
Uterus film (HSG)
Who can Benefit from Egg Donation?
· Those who are climacteric
· Patients who are transitioning from preclimacteric to climacteric
· IVF patients who have repeatedly failed
· Cases where poor quality eggs were found after a previous IVF trial
· Instances where IVF trials couldn't extract eggs
· Cases where the ovary was removed surgically
· People who had radiation or chemotherapy
· Egg donation is an option for those who carry a gene for a chromosomal illness and can help them have the babies of their dreams.
Process of Donating Eggs
Preparing the recipient
In fertility clinics, the process primarily involves donation preparation for the donor woman. After selecting the optimal donor woman, he synchronizes the cycle of the donor and the recipient woman. We must be sure to achieve the cessation of ovarian activity in the receiver for which you are using contraceptives or a single dose of GnRH analogues, except for women who are already in menopause, in this case this is not necessary.
Then begins a pattern of estrogen replacement, either orally or through transdermal patches, to ensure proper preparation of the endometrium, into which the embryos are deposited. during this process one or two ultrasounds can be done to check that the endometrium has reached the desired size. this phase lasts about two weeks.
Donor stimulation in a woman's natural cycle produces an egg. The same hormones that control the natural cycle are administered to the donor in higher doses to obtain an average of 8-10 oocytes. This process takes about 10-12 days. During this whole stage, ultrasound scans are performed in order to control the number and size of the developing follicles, at the same time adequate development of the endometrium occurs in the receiving woman.
When the development of the follicles is adequate, a dose of hormones is given last to complete the maturation of the oocytes, then the eggs is collected after 36 hours.
Ovarian puncture consists of the aspiration of oocytes guided by transvaginal ultrasound. When finished, he informs the recipient of the number of oocytes obtained, and instructions are given to begin fertility treatment with progesterone.
Oocyte laboratory fertilize
Once obtained, these are inseminated with the sperm of his partner previously prepared in the laboratory. Sperm selection can be done using a technique called MACS immunomagnetic sperm selection, with a greater ability to fertilize the egg, or with conventional training methods.
ICSI is a procedure used for fertilization. It is to be inserted into the oocyte, a single live sperm, previously selected, thanks to which you can carry out fertilization in case of poor sperm quality.
In cases where it is necessary, you can resort to the use of donor sperm.
You can also apply these, which consists of carrying out ICSI with spermatozoa obtained by testicular biopsy, in cases of obstructive azoospermia or when the spermatozoa suffer serious damage, in the output of the process.
The number of fertilized eggs is checked, the next day, the biologists will be informed of its daily evolution until the day of the transfer.
Embryo transfer involves the introduction of embryos into the uterine cavity. For this, a speculum is introduced into the vagina and also a thin cannula which carries the embryos which are deposited in the uterus under ultrasound control. This process is quick and painless.
The transfer is done 2-6 days after the injection, although it is normally done after three days. Normally the number of embryos to be transferred is recommended, but the final decision is always with the couple.
The day after the transfer, back to normality. it is recommended only to avoid violent efforts, sports and not having sex for the next two weeks. traveling is not a problem.
Vitrification of advanced embryos If you choose the option of freezing good quality embryos that have progressed, these are stored in liquid nitrogen, a technique called vitrification, in order to be used in successive cycles, at the failure of the technique of embryo transfer in fresh water, in the case of abortion or couples who want another pregnancy after having their first child, without having to recreate the whole process.
Confirmation of pregnancy
12 days after the embryo transfer, pregnancy test has to be checked in the blood tests. The findings of this test help us comprehend the pregnancy.
Risks of egg donation
The hormone treatment that the donor has to undergo can be mentally and physically taxing. The removal of the egg cells is a surgical process that carries hazards due to the required anesthetic.
The recipient of the egg donation accepts the consequences that may arise from the implantation of the egg cells. In order to increase the chance of a successful pregnancy, several cells are often used at the same time, just as would be the case with artificial insemination with one's own egg cells. This increases the likelihood of multiple births.
The mental strain should not be overlooked. Many women who have received an egg donation do not tell their relatives and friends - for fear of being misunderstood.
Experience shows that the risk of certain forms of high blood pressure (hypertensive pregnancy disease) is significantly increased for the pregnant woman. Experts therefore recommend close check-ups for the expectant mother.
Are There Any Side Effects to Egg Donation?
This type of ivf treatment is generally well tolerated and the stimulation, with a view to the donation, does not reduce the donor's chances of becoming pregnant again. The side effects are exactly the same as those of ovarian stimulation.
What is the Success Rate of Egg Donation?
In Gyno Life, there is a 60% to 70% success rate for egg donation. Thanks to use of fresh, high quality and abundant eggs and the highest level of laboratory conditions, our success rate in our fertility center varies between 78% and 85%.
We hope to make you one of the content couples we successfully pregnant thanks to our excellent pregnancy rate.