Chorionic villus sampling (CVS), also known as chorionic villus biopsy, is a prenatal diagnostic test where tissue samples from the placenta are tested for a chromosomal conditions, like Down's syndrome and Edward syndrome as well as genetic conditions, like cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia.
"In vitro" refers to organic processes that take place outside the body - namely in the test tube. In IVF treatment, for example, the removed egg cell comes together with the man's sperm in the test tube.
Sperm donation in Cyprus is a popular method of third party medically assisted reproduction which involves using sperm obtained from another man (sperm donor) to help individuals and couples conceive through IVF (in vitro fertilization).
Egg donation consists of donating eggs anonymously and voluntarily to couples who cannot have children , either because the woman's ovaries no longer function sufficiently, or to avoid transmitting a serious disease to the other.