Who Can Have Eggs Freezing?
Egg freezing, or oocyte cryopreservation, is a medical operation in which a woman's eggs are extracted, frozen, and stored for possible future use. It enables women to protect their fertility, usually when their eggs are of better quality, and utilize them in assisted reproductive technologies, i.e., IVF, later in life or in the presence of health conditions or treatments that may affect fertility.
Egg freezing is an option for:
● Patients suffering illnesses or undergoing medical procedures that could damage fertility, such as cancer patients,
● Women who want to address age-related concerns by preserving their fertility while they are younger
● Before undergoing treatments to declare their gender, people transitioning their gender may decide to freeze their eggs.
● Those who want to donate their eggs for use in reproductive treatments are known as donors for fertility treatments.
● Women who wish to delay childbearing for social or lifestyle reasons
What Age Range Can Egg Freezing Be Performed?
Egg freezing can be done at several different ages, but it's most effective in a woman's 20s and early 30s. So it can be said that the appropriate age for egg freezing is around 20 to 30. Efficacy may decrease in the late 30's and early 40s, and then it becomes less effective. Individual circumstances and medical conditions may have an impact on the timing.
Egg freezing may be more risky or less effective for older women, women with certain medical conditions or treatments, women with limited time, and women with individual health factors . Risks of egg freezing include no guarantee of future pregnancy success, potential egg quality issues, cost, rare medical complications, and emotional stress. A consultation with a specialist is important for a personal evaluation of individuals who are in risk groups for egg freezing.
Before someone undergoes egg freezing, medical professionals usually suggest various tests and evaluations to assess a person's fertility and overall health. Some of the tests for egg freezing may include:
● Ovarian reserve assessment: These tests examine the quantity and quality of the woman's eggs that are still present. Blood tests to check hormone levels, such as AMH, FSH, and estradiol, and transvaginal ultrasound to count antral follicles are typical tests used to assess ovarian reserve.
● Screening for infectious diseases: Testing for HIV, Hepatitis B and C, and other infections may be required to ensure the safety of the egg freezing process.
● Screening for genetic disorders: Some people might require genetic testing to detect any genetic issues or carrier status that could impact their future offspring.
● Health history and physical examination: Reviewing the medical history and conducting a physical exam can identify any underlying health issues that may affect fertility or the process of freezing eggs.
● Gynecological examination: A gynecological examination can be performed to assess the health of the reproductive organs and any structural problems.
These tests assist in clarifying whether egg freezing is the right option for an individual and provide important information for customizing the egg freezing protocol. It's important to seek the advice of a fertility specialist to determine which tests are necessary based on your personal circumstances.